Monday, December 30, 2002

I just received an E-mail from George Keller, and he relayed an obituary posting for Carl Paulson, W2ULL, who passed away on December 28, 2002.
Carl was 93 years old. I have fond memories of working with Carl at CBS Labs in Stamford CT in the mid '60's.
Information at this point is rather sketchy, but I believe he is survived by his wife, and condolence cards can be sent to their home:

Mrs. Carl Paulson
540 Bruyn Tpk
Wallkill NY 12589

P.S. He has been listed as a "silent key" in the QRZ database.


Monday, December 23, 2002

Dolly Dawn, 86, Big Band Singer

By DOUGLAS MARTIN/The New York Times

Dolly Dawn, a big-band vocalist whose honey-sweet voice each noon, six days a week, bounced invitingly across America in the late 1930's and early 40's, died last Wednesday at a nursing home in Englewood, N.J. She was 86.

Her death was announced this week by her family.

She was one of the first vocalists to become the sole focus of a band, at a time when bands and musicians were still the main draw. Ella Fitzgerald called Miss Dawn an influence on her own singing. Joe Franklin, the New York radio and television personality, said in an interview that when Walter Winchell coined the term "canary" for female singers, he was referring to her.

She sang first with George Hall and His Orchestra, and then with a group carved out of the band called "Dolly Dawn and Her Dawn Patrol." Later, she played clubs, dance halls and street fairs, among other engagements, all over the United States.

But Miss Dawn dropped out of the limelight and became known mainly to the cult following that saw her in scattered club appearances in the 1970's and 80's, and responded to the release of a two-disk album of her records with George Hall on the RCA Bluebird label in 1976.

There was another revival of interest in her after Sony's reissue of some of her hits, most recently a collection called "You're a Sweetheart" in 2001. Paper dolls of her are sold on eBay.

She received almost no royalties for her reissued recordings, obtained only minimal Social Security and suffered in recent years from diabetes and kidney failure, Peter Sando, her nephew, said. She had lived in a transient hotel in Manhattan before being given an apartment and other assistance by the Actors' Fund, also in Manhattan. She moved to the Actors' Fund Nursing Home and Assisted Living Care Facility in Englewood earlier this year.

Theresa Maria Stabile was born on Feb. 3, 1916, in Newark and grew up in Montclair, N.J. Both her parents were Italian immigrants and her father ran a restaurant, among other jobs. Her cousin was the bandleader Dick Stabile. At 14, she won an amateur contest that Hall held in Newark. He shook her hand, but had forgotten her a year or two later when she showed up at the Taft Hotel in Manhattan, where his band regularly played. With the regular female vocalist about to leave, Ms. Dawn auditioned and got the job. She was known at the time as Billie Starr. Mr. Hall and Harriet Mencken, a writer on The New York Journal-American, came up with Dolly Dawn.

"She's as fresh as the dawn and as dimpled as a doll," the newspaperwoman said, according to an article in Radio Guide in 1937. Miss Dawn never stopped hating the name, which she thought made her sound like a stripper.

After six months of musical training, she began singing with Hall's band in July 1935, which every day but Sunday was broadcast nationally on CBS radio from the Taft Hotel at noon. The show's tagline: "Dance With Romance." Her relationship with Hall and his wife was so close that they formally adopted her when she was 19. In a ceremony on July 4, 1941, he turned his band over to her and became her manager.

She returned the loyalty. Tommy Dorsey asked her to sing with his band, but she turned him down, said Ronald Knoth, a social worker who helped her during her later years.

A popular part of the band's performance had become her appearing with just seven musicians in a group she named Dawn Patrol, after a newspaper column Ed Sullivan wrote called "Along the Dawn Patrol." Sullivan, a friend, gave her permission.

Ms. Dawn never married, saying that her music was her husband and children. She is survived by her sister, Ida Sando, of Spring Lake, N.J.

Copyright 2002 The New York Times

Gayle P. De Poli

Wednesday, December 18, 2002

I have ambivalent thoughts ricocheting across my mind this evening, one is sad, and the other laconical.

Dan Garber, was not a CBS employee, but he was a man of our industry.
I went to school with Dan at the RCA Institutes on West Fourth Street in the "Village."
Along with Joe Gallant, our deceased friend from the sound effects department at CBS, we three were inseparable in school. Well, Joe is gone, he died in the sound booth in a studio, where the old "Sgt. Bilko Show," emanated from, on 26th street.
Today I received a Christmas Card, and it reads that Dan is gone, also.
When the different companies, and agency's, came to the school to interview students as possible employees, Dan and I took all the test we could to get work.
Dan, breezed through the FCC license test for First Phone, as easily as anyone I ever heard of.
The FBI, and the CIA, came and tested most of the class. Dan and I passed, the exams, but, I couldn't pass the Morse code reading. Dan could do that easily, for he was a special agent for the Air Force in Korea, in the early fifties. His assignment was to stay in this tower on a hill, and advise the military of enemy troop movements.
Well, he did just about the same thing for the CIA for 27 years, around the world, in most places as, in Viet Nam, Cambodia, and developed what was possibly agent orange, and I guess that shortened his life.
He ended his career as a Senior Communications Officer, in the prestigious Paris Embassy, the plumb assignment in the company.

We kept in touch through the years. But, I just learned he died the week after Christmas, last year.
Sometimes opening a card can be less than cheerful.

Part Two

While witting the above story, I was listening to a song by Margaret Whiting, daughter of the famous show and song maestro. His big hit, "Moonlight in Vermont" was also Margaret's hit.
We were assigned to do a Broadway hit show at the time, in Studio 45. During setup, Jimmy McCarthy, and Jim Murphy and myself were standing around musing about the great voice of Margaret Whiting, and all the visual implications that she conjured for all us retreads from World War 2, when Jimmy McCarthy remembered that he was listening to her sing that famous song of hers while making love to a young maiden of that era.
She joined the conversations because she was listening to us reminisce without us knowing she was nearby. We were slightly embarrassed, but, she quickly put us at ease by reminding us that many a GI, got (his first sexual encounter) in the back seat of cars listening to her voice.
She was a great gal to work with, and so relaxed that we were rooting for her success with this pilot.
It was stars such as she that performing work at CBS was such a delight to be there.
Happy Holidays to all.

Tony Cucurullo.

Tuesday, December 17, 2002

This may interest some of you eggheads.

What was the first computing machine? (pre tube era)
You will have to take your pick, depending on what you call a
computing machine.

500 BC Bead and wire abacus ...............................................................................Egypt
200 AD Computing Trays..........................................................................................Japan & China
1632 AD Slide Rule...................................................................................................England
1642 AD Pascaline calculating machine - adds - subtracts...........................................France
1679 AD Pascaline improved so it can multiply - divide
1801 AD Punch Cards used to run looms....................................................................France
1822 AD Babbage "Difference Engine" calculates logarithms........................................England
1833 AD Babbage "Analytical Engine" had memory, could be programmed,
printed card input and output. (Design only)
1853 AD Scheutz & Scheutz of Sweden builds and sells the Difference Engine..............Sweden
1886 AD Burroughs sells first commercial adding machine...........................................USA
1887 AD Hollerith builds a census tabulating machine and wins a
government competition. Uses punch cards. Becomes IBM in 1924...............USA

As with any technology, it is interesting to see how the dates of invention speed up as the technology matures.

When I was in college, we used slide rules and Friden mechanical calculating machines in the labs. They would clank on for half a minute to do one calculation, especially the one that could do square roots. We were amazed! Some students would think up some unique math operation so the machines would beat out a loud mechanical musical rhythm and break everybody up.

The first hand held scientific calculator that came was HP35 (circa 1970). It cost $399.99 and HP thought that department supervisors would buy it for their department and share it with all the engineers. They were stunned
to see individual engineers buying HP35s for themselves. The typical engineer made about $15,000 to $22,000 a year back then. HP sold about 100,000 at the $400 price and easily recouped their $10,000,000 development cost. The price began to drop dramatically with competition from Texas Instruments.

The HP35 actually heralded the era of the "electronics gadget nerd" who would not shrink from spending large sums of money for these new electronic "toys" - setting the stage for the home computer craze.

The calculator and the microchip also heralded the beginning of the end of the concept of a repairman.
Source in part: The New York Times Almanac 1998

Contributed by Ted Perzeszty
Hi Guys.

I was very surprised to see a fairly long obituary in the St. Augustine Record for Gil Wyland. He died of a heart attack on Dec. 2nd in his home in Valencia.
Those of you who knew Gil and had a chance to work with him on various L.A. projects know that he was a very special and creative person.

Pierce Evans

Sunday, December 15, 2002

If you haven't heard, Manny Kaufman is in very serious condition due to cancer. He's at home and under the conditions he's still himself. He's lucid and somewhat frail but he smiles and still listens to stories and can have visitors. Maybe a visit, a call, or a card would be nice. His address/phone number should be in the master list, which is usually mailed out, or e-mailed by Les Burkhardt (who is currently recuperating from receiving a stent.)

This information relayed by Stan Seiller, Ted Perzeszty, and myself.

Friday, December 13, 2002

A Tribute to Joe Tier from Vinnie Castrataro

Joe Tier Tribute
Joe Tier WAS CBS Washington!
GOD bless and keep you, Your friendship was very special to me.
Frank Novack

Tuesday, December 10, 2002



I just read of the passing of joe tier,it brought back many memories of us on
remotes.When i received my "front sheet" from lisa one of the first things i
would take note of was the eic's name.Aside from working with him for many
years on the us open tennis-an event which was extremely demanding for him he
was the first to arrive and the last to leave we worked together on many,many
nfl games, horseraces and other events, conventions included.
Joe had a very natural talent for not placing himself above any of the
crew he was a true friend! We would go out for dinner at least once on every
remote -it was always a fun experience whether it was crabs in baltimore or
pasta in philly,he was truly a rare individual, his ability to work with
production and technicians and gain the respect of both will always be
remembered by me.I totally agree with tony's and bob dailey's comments
regarding him
There were many eic's with whom i looked foward to working with and at
the risk of failing to mention some i will simply say there were many popular
ones,but in my mind joe tier remains unforgettable.I hope he finds the casino
up there.

Thanks for the memories
bob vernum

Monday, December 09, 2002

A great quote - - -

If you would not be forgotten, as soon as you are dead and rotten, either write things worth reading, or do things worth the writing.
- Benjamin Franklin

Joe Tier, Art Tinn, Lou Scanna, Doug Fleetham, Hal Schutzman, and others that were great EIC's,.......... conjure greatness in ones mental image of them.
They commanded respect by their attitude and talents, and working for these men was a pleasure, one did not screw up their remote.
Joe Tier, has to be thought of as one of the great ones.

Bob Dailey informed me that Joe Tier passed one.

Joe, you will recall always seemed to have a cigarillo, (that is a cigar the size of a cigarette) hanging rackishly from the corner of his mouth. That was mainly there, to add to the character of this slightly rotund jovial, man.
What ever CBS required of him, he accomplished without fanfare or trumpets heralding his presence at meetings with managers, and princes of industry.
He was everyone's man, with a capital, "M"
Joe liked to wager a 'bob-or-two on the occasion, that we might have been on remote in Las Vegas, or Atlantic City.
Even at these places of no-chance, I remember vividly that Joe always played the percentages perpiscaciously, and generally would walk out with a coin or two, from the realm of the house.

If your assignment was not to your liking, and if you tried to badger him, Joe would listen to your lament, and then with his convivial manner, have you walking away from him, and being thrilled to complete your miserable chore, with aplomb, on CBS's behalf.
He was a fun guy, a friend, and he deserved to exit these mortal grounds, walking into Val Halla, cigarillo, lite, and that wide grin on his countenance.
Joe Tier, to be known as a great Citizen, this county's finest award.

Tony Cucurullo

I just learned that one of the finest EICs that CBS employed has passed away! His name was Joe Tier and his final days were spent at a nursing home in Penn. He had a great war record as an lSO on a carrier in the Pacific.. He developed diabetes in his later years and lost both his legs...his wife passed on and his 2 kids sort of disserted him. He gave his house to the nursing home so they would take care of him. The only person who visited him was his sister-in-law and a tech named Warren Jarvis. Charlie D'onofrio and I have been in touch with her and we just learned today he had passed away. Since you are the glue that keeps us together, I thought you should know!!!!!

Bob Dailey

Sunday, December 08, 2002

So very sorry to hear of the passing of Joe Tier.

Joe went to Washington with me when we built and staffed the "M" Street studios and we both returned to New York- when that job was done. All that worked with Joe knew him as a talented and kind man with a smile that was iinfectious.

Joe came out of the coal mining area of Pennsylvania and could be as tough as that hard coal and as warm as the fire it produces.

You will be sorely missed.

Sid Kaufman

Sad news:
Just received the following from Bob Wilson
Joe Tier passed away this afternoon. This came via Charley D'onofrio and Warren Jarvis, who had been called by Joe's sister-in-law. Neither have computers but wanted it posted on the internet.

Bob Wilson

Sunday, December 01, 2002

"Happy Thanksgiving........." Bellowed by all yesterday. Today, it was, "Bye Nana........Papa." As the car sped up the block out of view, that's when my heart sank into my overloaded stomach. I felt an ache for my little four year old grandson, Patrick James.
He arrived Tuesday night, and up until a little while ago, he generated enough energy to light one hundred Christmas trees. As I am sure all the children did, that visited grandparents, all over this land from coast-to-coast.
We are tired, my wife and me. She cooked up a storm, for at least 14 people. Even if she didn't hit a home run on all the food, I am quite sure there was at least one item for everyone's palette to enjoy.
But, the highlight of the dinner, was the recitation by Lil Patrick, of all his preschool songs and poems, to the delight of all the women that staid around the dining room table munching goodies and drinking Liquors,..... Er,....that's because all the men were tiring themselves out watching the football game from Detroit.
It's over, at least until Christmas. We won't get to see Patrick and the other children, but, for now I can still feel his little arms around my neck, and me trying to kiss him through his Spiderman's costume.
Have a nice day, folks, and give your grandchildren an imaginary kiss that is guaranteed to land on them, no matter how far they are down the road by now?
A wishful thinking old man.

Tony Cucurullo

Friday, November 29, 2002


Re medical plan:
Received my packet and returned it. Keeping the same options as before.

Re the "mini-stroke": Have pretty much recovered strength in right arm. If there was a clot anywhere, it was very small. It didn't show up in the MRI . Doppler test of carotid was also negative Except that the carotids are not reasonably straight, but are all convoluted like the small intestine (or a bowl of spaghetti). Might have gotten a kink that temporarily reduced blood flow to the brain.
Wednesday, had an MRA of the carotid area(have no idea what THAT is but it was done in the same machine used for MRIs) No results yet. Will find out next week.

And all of this brings me back to insurance. Do you know anyone who has changed health insurance carriers lately?
I do. A friend, in his 50s did it.
He is a bike rider. Does 50 or 60 miles a day and frequently rides in events of over 150 miles. He is lean as a rail ~~~nothing but bone and muscle~~~~ and the new carrier added $350 to his annual premium for being "underweight". He had a complete physical a couple of years back.
Colinoscopy found a small polyp. New carrier denied insurance for his intestinal tract because of this "pre-existing condition".
For me, and many other retirees who were in good health at time of retirement from CBS, this may mean rejection of coverage for "pre-existing conditions" e.g. the brain (if they eventually find something), the spine (because of the arthritic vertibrae),the cardiovascular system (because of my bout with atrial fibrillation), any consequences of recently developed diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol etc. The list goes on and on.
I may not be able to obtain new health insurance at all, or if I do, the premiums may be sky high and all of the things that are wrong with me (including my eyes) will not be covered.

Does CBS even have a clue as to the possible health care consequences for older retirees if they just cut us loose?

Please make them aware.

Pierce Evans

Submitted by Tony Cucurullo

Monday, November 25, 2002

Ten signs your 401(k) is being looted

Commentary: Your own CEO may be ripping you off

By Chris Pummer,
Last Update: 7:48 AM ET Nov. 20, 2002

SAN FRANCISCO (CBS.MW) -- Nothing's sacred when your own company's top execs would rob your 401(k) fund. Yet such thievery has occurred at a record rate this year -- and most 401(k) investors have been little warned.

The business media made headlines of Enron employees' 401(k) losses -- and nothing of the Feds quietly settling with executives of hundreds of companies for looting employees' retirement assets. Those execs tapped into 401(k)s for accessible cash or delayed making millions in deposits to keep their failing enterprises afloat.

In the year ended Sept. 30, the federal Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration closed a record 4,925 civil cases involving pension-fund misuse, with 1,940 settled for a record $832 million in monetary damages. Most involved 401(k)s.

Assistant Labor Department Secretary Ann Combs released those figures Nov. 4 at a Society of American Business Editors and Writers conference at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School. Yet the assembled watchdogs made little of her disclosure.

Combs' division opened 155 criminal cases that resulted in 134 indictments, largely against small, private companies. Still, none approached the headlines afforded unindicted Martha Stewart, whose insider-trading probe pales in its impact on average investors.

While Enron execs sold millions in stock while claiming the company was healthy, and then barred employees from selling shares held in their 401(k) accounts, these criminal cases involve execs who were so convinced desperate times call for desperate measures that they seized their employees' assets to rectify their bad management.

The PWBA, admittedly under funded for enforcement, notes the abuses involve only "a small percentage" of employers. Still, its Web site lists "10 Warnings Signs That Pension Contributions Are Being Misused." Here they are in bold, with further explanation of what might be transpiring:

Your 401(k) or individual account statement is consistently late or comes at irregular intervals. Inquire of the mutual-fund company administering your plan what's going on and the call-center rep pleads the Fifth. "On the advice of counsel, I decline to answer that question" -- or words to that effect. There are, after all, plan-management fees at stake.
Your account balance does not appear to be accurate. This, of course, is hard to reconcile when the market's made chopped liver of your retirement assets. But if your money-market fund balance is suddenly zero, be afraid, be very afraid. Your neck's been bitten and your lifeblood's being sucked.
Your employer failed to transmit your contribution to the plan on a timely basis. When you put the question to payroll, a usually amiable clerk is seized by a sudden twitching fit and starts shouting, like an accessory-after-the-fact under a police spotlight -- "The check's in the mail! The check's in the mail!" -- while avoiding all eye contact.
A significant drop in account balance that cannot be explained by normal market ups and downs. In other words, you bailed on all growth-stock funds a full two years ago, but your balance has dropped like a reincarnated Herbert Hoover's returning as president.
401(k) or individual account statement shows your contribution from your paycheck was not made. This one's painfully obvious: A big honking "0" under the listing "Contributions this quarter."
Investments listed on your statement are not what you authorized. In this case, you may suddenly be asking yourself: "When did I request that 100 percent of my funds be put into company stock?"
Former employees are having trouble getting their benefits paid on time or in the correct amounts. This is a testament to the honor among thieves: There is a rip-off pecking order -- the traitors who jumped the sinking ship early on are the first to get ransacked. You're likely next to walk the plank.
Unusual transactions, such as a loan to the employer, a corporate officer, or one of the plan trustees. Your immediate reaction: "Oh, sure, like I'd loan a guy making A HUNDRED TIMES what I earn money from my meager retirement savings!"
Frequent and unexplained changes in investment managers or consultants. This shows there's also honor among Mafia consiglieri -- some refuse to be party to the fraud, but unfortunately, they're not snitches, either.
Your employer has recently experienced severe financial difficulty. This isn't entirely fair -- we all fall on hard times occasionally. But if you're being asked to lie to creditors -- a.k.a. "The check's in the mail" -- give notice, clear out your desk and immediately rollover your 401(k) funds into an IRA lest you be one of the perceived traitors the crooks loot. Chris Pummer is personal finance editor for in San Francisco.

Article supplied by Tony Cucurullo

Friday, November 22, 2002

From Keith Morris to Tony Cucurullo dated November 13, 2002

Hello Tony and everyone else.

I think we have good news. You let me know. We have received the Viacom Summary of Retiree Benefits and they can be read on our website click on "Latest News" then click on "Business Manager's Latest Updates"
If there is some way to spread this news I would appreciate any help or suggestions or both.

Thanks to all,
Happy Holidays to all

Dated November 19, 2002

Dear Tony:

Hope this note finds both you and your wife in good health, and while I'm at it happy Thanksgiving Day to you'all.
Going through the net I came across iBEW and saw a posting dated Nov.09,2002 by Peter Quaranta and it said that "Medical Plans for Medicare Retiress:
The Medicare "Fee-for Service" Option will not be canceled as of 12/31/2003 as previously announced". Boy is that great news.
I want to thank you and all of the other fellow members of IBEW that put that strong fight to get VIACOM to not cancel our Medical Plan. As the results show it was worth all the trouble and effort you guys went through to get the job done. As the saying goes it was A JOB WELL DONE!.
Thanks again Tony and the gang.


Here is my open letter response to Romeo Quaranta:

Well, my friend, I am not as pleased as you, and all of those that pat themselves on the back for an accomplishment that is at best specious.
First they didn't add anything that is new. We were supposed to have insurance coverage until Dec. 2003. All the company did was increase the rates. Second they still have not told us whether we will be covered beyond that infamous December date?
At least though, you can find comfort in the fact that we are covered by a major plan for another year.
Hopefully they will still honor the moral commitment that was made to all of us at CBS, that left the company, with the feeling that we would be covered for life by the medical plan, and not dropped at a time in our lives when getting coverage will be difficult, and very costly.
Further if the company was open about their tactics they would not have approached our WEBMASTER and presented the package for this years coverage, thereby passing the Union as the quasi representative for the plan.
They still haven't gotten it yet. Honest, and open dialogue,is much better than the back-door approach they used.
If the package was so great they would have heralded it from the Goodyear blimp.
So, dear friend Romeo, we thank them in the Holiday spirit for giving us what we had, (but at a higher rate of course) and pray that they will be generous to us in the future.
Happy Holidays yet to come, for you and your family, and friends.
Tony Cucurullo

Webmaster's note:

I received the information from Chuck Baker just after he had sent it to Keith Morris (this was at the end of October, 2002.) I had called him to find out about some personal problems I was having with medical coverage, and before ending the conversation, I off-handedly asked him what, if any, progress was being made with the retiree medical coverage. After he told me the good news, and mentioned that a packet of information was being mailed to all retirees, I asked him if I could publish it on the website, and he asked me not to do so, because the information should come from the Union.
I complied with his wishes, but also E-mailed Keith, and asked him to release the information as soon as possible.
Since no information was forthcoming, I was preparing to post it on the website, when the promised packet of information arrived from the company.

Dave Minott

Thursday, November 21, 2002

Hello all,

I am just back from Florida visiting family in the Ft. Meyers area. Prior to that trip, was a two week visit in the NY area. I was able to attend the NJ luncheon and meet old friends and take a few photos which hopefully will appear on the website. While in Fla, I realized I would be there during the Fla luncheon, so I rented a car and drove over to Boca Raton for the luncheon. Following the luncheon, it was off to Ft. Lauderdale for my flight home to California. It was great seeing Hans Singer, Paul Herschander, Sig Meyers, Art Schoenfuss, Sid Kaufman, three sports directors, Struck, Grossman and Dailey. There were many people whose names I didn't know, and of course I left out a few (they will come back to me as soon as I hit the send button.) Some photos will appear on the website.

It saddened me to hear of the passing of George Moses and George Joanitis -- both dedicated, long time CBS'ers. Rest in peace guys.

Bob Vernum

Sunday, November 17, 2002

Here is a list of the 28 attendees at the November 13th luncheon at the Boca Raton C.C. The day was a huge success and there was really a lot of love and good feelings felt in the room. Thanks to all those who came to the event and those who wanted to, but could not and were there in spirit.

Note: This list is also accessible from the Photo Page as well. D.M.

Ann Brown
David Cohen
Bob Dailey
Howard Dennewitz
Hal Deutch
Margret Fishman
David Fruitman
Harve Gilman
Jim Herschel
Paul Herschander
Marshall Johnson
Sid Kaufman
Lee Levy
John McManus
Stu Meyer
Sig Meyers
Bill Murtough
Irv Rosenberg
Art Schoenfuss
Joe Scholnick
Dick Shapiro
Art Shine
Hans Singer
Max Streem
Duke Struck
Carlos Vargas
Bob Vernum
Mel Waldman

Thanks to Lee Levy & Stu Meyers

Thursday, November 14, 2002

[Relayed from Tony Cucurullo]

Dear Tony,
I cannot begin to tell you about the "heartfelt" thanks I am feeling right now.
I am George Peter Moses' daughter, Georgetta Moses Winston…his namesake.
Dad...George...Mom.. Etta..put it together & you have Georgetta...a little of my Dad's humor, I have....:)))
My Dad died Oct 1, 1983… he is buried in Leavenworth, Kansas, b/c I live in Kansas City now.
As for knowing my Dad, well, he was the Christmas, Thanksgiving Dad or if I called CBS, when he wasn't on camera, he would call me back. We would meet for lunch or a show at Radio City.
But when I got married my Dad & I had 3 WONDERFUL years together...1976-1979…then I moved to Kansas City. During those 3 years, he was the Dad he never was when I was growing up. We had a great relationship. He even left the city... which for my Dad was very hard...he thought there was no place on earth like NYC...he came to see his first grandson, Mark at the hospital. I even got him to come to Yonkers for Thanksgiving during those 3 years. My Dad even apologized to me for NOT being the Dad he wanted to be to me & my brothers. He even said he loved me!!!
Even when we lived in KC, my Dad called us EVERY weekend or we called him. It was something I always looked forward to...and I miss very much now.
Children tend to keep "only' the good memories of their parents…that is how I chose to remember "MY DAD"...lots of good memories.
I do have the manuscript of his book of you think you have any ideas of what I can do with it ???
And do you know Chico & where he is ??? My Mom is alive & lives in KC too. Do you know, my Mom ???


Thank you very much for your comments about my Grandpa. I think that you must be very discerning because your perception of my Grandpa is accurate. He was a lonely person in his later years. So that you are aware, He had a wife and 3 children who lived in Yonkers. His wife was full-blood Italian (maiden name "Eletto"). He was separated from my Grandma until he died but they were never divorced. Unfortunately his two sons fell into a lifestyle of drug addition. My Mom's oldest brother, Bobby, died in the early 80's of HIV from intravenous drug use. Her youngest brother, Craig, is still dealing with this addition and the damage that it has done to his body and mind. The good news :) is that my Mother, Georgetta, and Grandmother, Marietta, Grandpa's wife, are doing very well. Marietta ("Nanny" as she is known by me) lived in our home during my childhood and teenage years. My mother married the best guy in the whole world, my dad. They had 3 boys, two in Yonkers and one in Missouri after they relocated.
My Mother and Father met and married in Hawaii. After 3 years they moved to Yonkers (my dad was originally from West Friendship, MD, just outside of Baltimore). This was a crucial period in my Mom and Grandpa's relationship. They were able to completely reconcile. During this period is when I have very dear memories of my Grandpa. He was always so loving and lively. He adored our family and helped us out in every possible way. Shortly after my parents moved us to Kansas City my Grandpa ("Ding Ding" as he was known by us) became ill. My mother traveled back to NYC and spent some final moments with him, affirming their love for one another. He was cremated and some of his ashes were sprinkled in the ocean. His headstone is located in Blue Springs, Missouri.
This may be more information than you'd care to know but I felt it was important to share. I'm sure others, like yourself, picked up on things in my Grandpa's life and I think it's important to note that in his last days he had a reconciling with his family and with God.
The book that he was writing is in my Mother's possession. I presently work in the computer industry and am helping my Mom to convert this book into electronic form. The thought of trying to have it published has been discussed for years. I'm not sure how or when that will take shape but we would definitely want to have it reviewed by his friend and associates, such as yourself.
I'd also like to add that Grandpa's grandchildren have inherited much of his amicable, humorous nature, and some of his artistic ability. I am the oldest of 3 brothers. My middle brother, Matthew (whose middle name is George) looks strikingly similar to Grandpa. We all have a special place in our heart for him and greatly miss the time that could have been spent with him had he not passed away when we were so very young.
Thank you again for this invaluable information. I can't describe how appreciative I am of the response I've received from Tony Cucurullo, yourself, and hopefully others. These are truly gifts; special insights into the life of our Grandpa.
I hope that this is not the last communication we will have. Take care and be sure and pass on more of these types of wonderful memories to your loved ones. When you have passed on they will be priceless gifts that can be shared over and over again.
Mark R. Winston
DST Output, DB/App Admin
pgr: 816 818 8298
-----Original Message-----
From: []
Sent: Tuesday, November 12, 2002 9:12 AM
Subject: (no subject)

My name is Cal Marotta.

I worked on the Ed Sullivan show with your grandfather. I remember him vividly because of his dry sense of humor. He had a knack of reading "between the lines" of company announcements, and found the humor in them.
He was a very good artist and edited current events giving a funny and outlandish view with his cartoons.
After every show, we would visit local pubs, having only one drink before leaving for the next one. After the third drink we would all go home. I felt that when he left work he became a lonely man and didn't want the day to end. I found him very entertaining but first a very good friend, and yes, he never wore a coat, just a scarf around his neck. He said he got tired of buying coats because he always left them behind and never could remember where.
There is a famous drawing of the earth as seen from the moon. George drew it and sent it to Life Magazine.( He called it life on the moon with a copy of Life Magazine resting on the moon in the foreground.) They never gave him credit but used it many times in their ads. I believe he also wrote or was writing a book on the Ed Sullivan show but Sullivan would not give permission to publish.
George was very secretive about his personal life. I never knew he had children.
I hope my little tale helps you.

Monday, November 11, 2002

Subj: About George!
Date: 11/11/2002 5:28:08 AM Eastern Standard Time
From: Tonycucu
To: Mark_Winston

This is an open letter in response to your request to learn about your
granddad George Moses. I want this to be on our web page, so that you might
get a better insight from those that knew him intimately.
This response might be a bit lengthy, and may also add some confusion to the
mental image of your grandfather George Moses.
If the Biblical Moses was indeed your grandfather, I feel the world might be
a better place somewhat? While the deity Moses, (not Charlton Heston) brought
forth the Jews from Egypt, and gave us the Ten Commandments, your grandpa
George, gave those that worked with him over the many years more belly laughs
that the world could have used in place of the structured formality of the
UN. For his humor was without reverence; as was the majority of those that
plied their trades at the center of the television world.
I don't use that term, immodestly, for it was the accomplished fact that CBS
set most of the standards that propelled the art of television forward. And,
it was the consummate skills of men like George Moses, that made that
One could make the analogy of using Major league baseball with its system of
numbers to position the excellence of performance of the participants.
The show that quickly comes to mind, is the, "Ed Sullivan Show." It required
the talents of the very best, because of its financial, and artistic impact
on the industry.
George, was a mainstay on the show. He was on the stage, alongside of 'Ed'
and was for the many years his "camera."
Grandpa George, could easily have been a performer, as was the case of quite
a few of the behind the scenes talents. But, it was his unique ability to
mime, and project images of mirth and laughter, that made many of the boring
hours that rehearsals require, to fade and be entertaining. He took
sophomoric humor and added sophistication to it, and adults, and even those
staid actors all stole from the characters he portrayed from his camera
A particular incident occurred on one show that required George's camera to
show a carriage, (for the sake of imaging for you, I will say, it might have
been the Queen of England's carriage, here for the Worlds Fair Exposition, in
the 1960s). Well, George could have just pointed his camera to do as the
director asked, but, the innate, and creative instincts that transform a
cameraPOINTER, to an artistically molded cameraman. He added a rocking
motion, to his slow, and almost imperceptible move to the carriage. That was
art work, and imaginative. He had that ability to improvise.
I knew George from early 1950s to his departing this mortal stage. George
went to a television Workshop, where I knew immediately that we would be
friends. As most clowns, have a way of joining together. George, and a couple
of others in the class, (Chuck Austin, Frank Rosa) just two that formed a
foursome that were inseperable.The two that went on to greatness in the
motion picture end of the moving arts, were Chuck, wwhos was, Alfred
Hitchcock's Director of Photography, and Frank, an award winning director of
documentaries. The significanceto this tale was that George was a consultant,
and friend, to these two.
We learned that George had combat photographic experiences. He worked with
another man named Herbert "Chico" Claudio, who also, was a combat
photographer, during World War 11. These two, were too become mainstays on
the famous "Ed Sullivan Show" with Chico, doing microphone boom, and George
on camera.

When the "Sullivan Show" was finished, George was in demand by other CBS
venues. He chose to be on a soap opera, "The world Turns." This fit George
like a glove, he was as if he was portraying the part of Jack Nickolson, in
the movie about the mentally deprived.
The stars of the show and the crew became a family. Each adding to the days
insanity. The foremost players in the cornucopia of insanity, were two, Joe
Desmond, and of course Grandpa George.
Joe, was a six foot four inch, technician, that reveled in the
characterization of World War Two German characters. And George was his
Russian counterpart. They along with a consummate actor Don Hastings, created
the atmosphere of a mental ward, with the ensuing bedlam that made it a
delight to be sent to work on that show.

One very important part of the show was the "slates" that contain the data
that are placed in front of the camera before each scene to help in the
editing of the show. Well, the slates were created almost on a daily basis
by George. He was a great cartoonist, and each slate had his art work on it.
His imagination was endless. I personally feel those cartoons should placed
in a television museum if one does indeed exist?
Mark, I hope I have given a slice of what I remember about my dear friend
George. I would have told you more about his personal life but, that wouldn't
be fair, because I didn't know much about it, and because everyone has a
tendency to embellish, or add salt, or hemlock, to the mix, and some of
course that spoils the brew with inane, and inconsistent inaccuracies.
I fervently hope that you get others too reply to your warm letter that seems
to come from your heart.
He was only a man that offered to those that liked him, a chance to see his
contributions, and gather his earthly wisdom, not unlike his namesake.
He was a fun man to be with, and he portrayed that of a 'bon vivant' that
could walk down Broadway on the coldest day, with just a scarf that was
turned theatrically askance about his neck, that created the look of a Damon
Runyon character, or peerhaps,another of the bright lights of the "great
white way."
Peace be with you and your family,

Tony Cucurullo
Dear Sir,

Hello, my name is Mark Richard Winston. George Moses was my Grandpa on
my Mom's side. I was born in Yonkers, NY on October 30th, 1977. Shortly after
my second brother, Matthew (who greatly takes after Grandpa), was born my
parents decided to move to the Kansas City, Missouri area. I've have grown
up in the Kansas City area but have visited New York many times. I am
actually scheduled to visit New York again over this coming Christmas and
New Years holiday.

I am writing to you because I happened upon your website regarding retired
CBS employees. I have very vivid memories of my Grandpa (Grandpa "Ding
Ding" is what I called him) as a child. The most vivid in particular was of
him walking me and holding me at Jones beach. I remember visiting his
apartment in the city where he always had grapes and cheese on the table.
My mom tells me that he used to tell her that I would be very smart. He
bought me an Erector Set when I was two; I still have it and, he was right

I am on a quest to reconnect with my past, my heritage. The Midwest has
much lacking in comparison to New York. I always tell people that I'm FROM
New York but I grew up in Kansas City. My mom made sure that I was always a
New Yorker at heart and she has accomplished her mission.

As you are probably aware, my Grandpa died in the early 80's. His wife,
Marietta ("Nanny" as she is known by me :)) lived in our home while I was
growing up. Those were the days---homemade pasta, sauces, stories; it was
great. She still resides in the Kansas City area and is in very good
health. I love her very much.

Anyway, there is a lot that I know about my Grandpa but there is also a lot
I don't know, specifically about his career at CBS. I actually have his
helmet from WWII when he was a combat photographer and Nanny has shown me
the letters of correspondence that she and my Grandpa exchanged during the
war; fantastic. He was working on a book about his experience at CBS called
"My Camera and Eye (with the CBS logo as the "eye") but he never finished
it. It, at one time, had priceless pictures of The Beatles, Elvis, and many
other celebrities in the their first appearances on the Ed Sullivan Show or
even American television for that matter. Unfortunately, many of these
pictures were "lost" over the years.

Had my Grandpa still been alive I would have visited him often in New York.
I feel that we would have been very close. It's no secret that he was
separated from his wife for many years and had a strained relationship with
his children. My mother was able to reconcile with him in later years and
spent several years with him and my dad (during the time I was born) having
a great time in New York. Even so, I feel a "gap" in my knowledge of him
from day-to-day. I am actively searching for recollections and stories from
others who knew him so that I can hopefully share these with my
grandchildren one day and they won't be lost forever.

Those of you who worked in the broadcast industry during your era have a
special place in American history. You were part of a "revolution of
American influence" of sorts that we now take for granted; television and
the media. My Grandpa was part of this and I would feel terrible if I never
knew at least part of the story.

This is huge favor but I would like to ask you to take some time and jot
down some of your memories of Grandpa. If you know another person who has
some more information please forward this email to them for their input as
well. I'd like to hear it all, the good, the bad, and the ugly. If it's
easier for you to dictate I wouldn't mind calling you and listening (you
reply with your phone number and I could call you so that you wouldn't
accrue the long-distance charges). Once again, I realize that you're
probably involved in many activities so I know that I'm asking for a lot but
if you could find a few moments here and there I would greatly appreciate

Please reply and let me know what you think. Thanks for your time.

Mark R. Winston
DST Output, DB/App Admin
pgr: 816 818 8298

Sunday, November 10, 2002

More computer trivia!

When was a computer first used to predict a presidential election?

When did Silicon Valley get its start?

When was the first high level computer language introduced?


CBS-TV used a UNIVAC to successfully predict the 1952 presidential
election. (I remember that!)

William Shockley* opened his semiconductor laboratory in 1955,
ushering in the semiconductor business in “Silicon Valley”.

The computer language FORTRAN was introduced in 1957. (Several
web sites indicate it was created in 1956 & 1954**.)

*The controversial William Shockley was one of three scientists at
Bell Telephone Laboratories, including Walter Brattain and John
Bardeen, who demonstrated the point-contact transistor amplifier
(1947). In the 1970s, Shockley shocked Americans with his comments
that racial differences in intelligence tests were based on heredity.

FYI Grace Murray Hopper (Adm., US Navy) invented Cobol in 1959 and
also discovered the first computer bug (A moth stuck in a relay).
Source: *The Information Please Almanac 1994

Ted Perzeszty

Saturday, November 09, 2002

We just got a call from Pat Barron, she informed us that Bill passed away last Thursday. Bill worked in Studio 43 as an A.D. and on Capt Kangaroo, among other things. He was one of the Finer people I had the pleasure of working with.........And a friend...!

Harry Charles

Tuesday, November 05, 2002

Hi Guys:

You may have already heard this sad news, but just in case you have not, we learned last week that we have lost another union brother, Maurice St. Cyr.
He apparently was a victim of a sudden heart infection, and went to a hospital for treatment, but it was too late.
I believe he started his career as an IBEW member at WCBS-FM, and then moved to WCBS-AM and eventually to the Broadcast Center, where he was most recently working in the BOC area. Some of us even knew his father, Gus, who worked in Black Rock and the old Arthur Godfrey radio studio on East 52nd.

73 de Ray Sills

Sunday, November 03, 2002

Hi Dave,

I thought you would want to know that I spoke to the troops in Control Maintenance and was told that Maurice St Cyr passed away at the beginning of last week.
He was a dedicated supervisor in the L.M.S. area, as I'm sure you will remember. They believe he was a victim of a bout with pneumonia.

Joe Strano

Thursday, October 31, 2002

Tom Dowd, 77, Dies
Innovator in the Art of Recording Music

By JON PARELES/The New York Times

Tom Dowd, an innovative recording engineer and producer who made noted albums with John Coltrane, Ornette Coleman, Otis Redding, Eric Clapton, the Allman Brothers and many other musicians, died on Sunday in Aventura, Fla., near Miami. He was 77 and had lived until recently in Miami.

The cause was emphysema, said his daughter, Dana Dowd.

Mr. Dowd was a pioneer of stereo and multitrack tape recording. But as a producer he was renowned for recordings that sounded natural, making the listener feel he was in the same room as the performer. As the engineer or producer for Coltrane's "Giant Steps," Ray Charles's "What'd I Say," Ben E. King's "Stand By Me," Aretha Franklin's "Respect" and Derek and the Dominos' "Layla," his signature was a self-effacing clarity and warmth.

"There is no one who better epitomizes the ideal marriage of technical excellence and true creativity," said Ahmet Ertegun, the chairman of Atlantic Records, in a 1999 speech. Mr. Dowd was a staff engineer at Atlantic for 25 years.

Mr. Dowd grew up in Manhattan. His father was a theater producer, and his mother was trained as an opera singer. He studied piano and violin, and after he graduated from Stuyvesant High School at 16, he attended Columbia University. Working in the physics department, he operated the cyclotron, a particle accelerator. When he enlisted at 18, the Army sent him back to Columbia to work on the Manhattan Project, which produced the atomic bomb.

After World War II, he worked for the Voice of America and became a freelance recording engineer until he was hired full time by Atlantic, then a fledgling independent label.

Mr. Dowd's clear, forceful recordings — he captured drums and bass playing at full volume without distortion — helped make Atlantic singles stand out. At Atlantic in the early 1950's, he suggested that the company build a control room in its Midtown offices, which doubled as a studio for nearly a decade; the stairwell was used as an echo chamber. He pushed the label to switch from recording on acetate discs to using tape, and he made some of the first commercial stereo recordings: binaural recordings, with a separate needle playing each channel.

"We were recording everything in stereo long before there was any significant market for it," Mr. Ertegun said.

Mr. Dowd also had Atlantic buy the second eight-track multitrack recorder ever made; Les Paul had the first one. Mr. Dowd designed and built Atlantic's first stereo and eight-track consoles.

He recorded Atlantic's jazz roster, which included the Modern Jazz Quartet, Charles Mingus, Freddie Hubbard, Mr. Coleman and Coltrane; he also recorded pop and rhythm-and-blues hits for Bobby Darin, Ruth Brown, Solomon Burke, the Clovers and the Drifters. In the 1960's he recorded Cream, Ms. Franklin, Dusty Springfield and many other rock and jazz musicians, eventually earning credit as producer as well as engineer.

He left Atlantic in the late 1960's to work as a freelance producer. In 1967 Mr. Dowd moved to Miami, where he worked mostly at Criteria Sound Studios. But he continued to make albums in London, New York, Los Angeles, the Bahamas and elsewhere.

Musicians like Eric Clapton came to depend on his advice as well as his technical skill. Mr. Dowd shaped the sound of Southern rock as the producer for Lynyrd Skynyrd and in a long association with the Allman Brothers Band. He continued to make albums until earlier this year.

In addition to his daughter, of Miami, he is survived by his wife, Cheryl Dowd of Dearborn, Mich.; two sons, Todd, of Miami Beach, and Steven, of Denver; and a grandson.

In 2002 he received a lifetime achievement award from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, the Grammy organization. A documentary, "Tom Dowd and the Language of Music," is scheduled for release early next year.

(c) 2002 The New York Times Company
Forwarded by Gayle DePoli

Wednesday, October 30, 2002

What is a Vet?

He is the cop on the beat who spent six months in Saudi Arabia sweating
two gallons a day making sure the armored personnel carriers didn't run out of fuel.

He is the barroom loudmouth, dumber than five wooden planks, whose
overgrown frat-boy behavior is outweighed a hundred times in the cosmic scales by hour hours of exquisite bravery near the 38th parallel.

She (or he) is the nurse who fought against futility and went to sleep
sobbing every night for two solid years in Da Nang.

He is the POW who went away one person and came back another - or didn't come back AT ALL.

He is the Paris Island drill instructor who has never seen combat - but
has saved countless lives by turning slouchy, no-account rednecks and gang members into Marines, and teaching them to watch each other's backs.

He is the parade-riding Legionnaire who pins on his ribbons and medals
with a prosthetic hand.

He is the career quartermaster who watches the ribbons and medals pass him by, but keeps the supply lines full.

He is the three anonymous heroes in The Tomb Of The Unknowns, whose
presence at the Arlington National Cemetery must forever preserve the memory of all anonymous heroes whose valor dies unrecognized with them on the battlefield or in the ocean's sunless deep.

He is the old guy bagging groceries at the supermarket - palsied now and
aggravatingly slow - who helped liberate a Nazi death camp and who wishes all day long that his wife were still alive to hold him when the
nightmares come.

He is an ordinary and yet an extraordinary human being - a person who
offered some of his life's most vital years in the service of his country,
and who sacrificed his ambitions so others would not have to sacrifice

He is a soldier and a savior and a sword against the darkness, and he is
nothing more than the finest, greatest testimony on behalf of the finest,
greatest nation ever known.

So remember, each time you see someone who has served our country, just lean over and say Thank You. That's all most people need, and in most cases it will mean more than any medals they could have been awarded or were awarded. Two little words that mean a lot, "THANK YOU."

It's the soldier, not the reporter, who gave us our freedom of the press.

It's the soldier, not the poet, who gave us our freedom of speech.

It's the soldier, not the campus organizer, who gave us our freedom to

It's the soldier, who salutes the flag, who serves others with respect for
the flag, and whose coffin is draped by the flag, who allows the protester
to burn the flag.

When you receive this, please stop for a moment and say a prayer for our
military men and women who go in harms way. There is nothing attached...

Of all the gifts you could give a U.S. serviceman, prayer is the very best
one. I know, I've seen it work!

And, I might add the people of CBS that served this country, in the military, and those that served in the cause of freedom, and liberty.
The names are numerous, and I was remiss in not including all the vets last year. So, perhaps by Memorial Day I can update that list of the venerable men and women that served.
So, on November 11th, at 11am, pause, and reverently place your hand over your heart, as a silent gesture, and prayer, for those that lie in sweet repose in the fields of battle, and in places of honor in their family resting places.
They deserve this moment.

Peace be unto you, and those that now sleep in eternal peace.

Tony Cucurullo

Click on this line to see a list of attendees at the 10/16/2002 New Jersey Luncheon!

Wednesday, October 23, 2002

Bob Jegle is living in East Rockaway near my brother Tim's house.
If his eyes were not so bad, I'd have Dad surfing the site. I informed my brother, and copied and pasted the recent newsletter in an e-mail for him to deliver to Dad (76).

Nice site!
Thomas M. Jegle
Systems Project Analyst
A. G. Edwards Technology Group Inc.

Remember the WTC

There was acknowledgment of George's passing during the half-time portion of Sunday's Football Coverage.

Les Burkhardt
I just heard from Carlos Vargas that Jimmy Alkins called from NY to say that George Joanitus died last week. Evidentially he had complications from Emphezema and other lung and liver ailments. George was a heavy smoker.

Harve Gilman

Tuesday, October 22, 2002

Stu Meyers called me and read me the list of 40 former CBS'ers who will be at the reunion here in South Florida and I was delighted and impressed that he is able to pull this off.. Some of the names floored me---some real old timers . Quite a few production types..Some of the names I recall are Art Schoenfuss, Bob Dailey, Sandy Grossman, Duke Struck, John Mc Manus ,Bob Fishman and many others.
I am sure that there are many others in the Florida area or will soon be down here where it is nice and warm.
Hope this blurb on the net will be a wakeup call for others nearby to join this luncheon November 13th. Get in touch with Stu.
( Note to Stu-maybe it would be good for you to list a complete list of those who responded and will be coming, and have it posted here.)

Sid Kaufman

Monday, October 21, 2002

HI Guys & Gals;

So glad that the new web site is doing so well and I find it very useful and informative. Really sorry I had to miss another get together. I have been quite busy the past few months. My new wife and I are building a new house in Barnegat Bay on the Jersey shore, and it has been very time consuming running back and forth selecting everything that will be added to the original plan. It is a retirement community and it is very lovely, but by the time you get finished with adding all the goodies that they do not include you can add 25% to the cost, which is really very low compared to where I live now. I want to compliment all of you who diligently have put this site together and I expected nothing less than perfection having enjoyed working with you folks for a lot of years and I truly miss all of you and love to read about the goings on, and the writings of all of you are especially enlightening. Anyone that has worked among us and say's that they do not miss a lot of the interaction we used to have is totally out of it. Once a family, always a family, and it saddens me tremendously when I hear about our dear departed friends. So I hope I will make the next get together.

Sincerely, Good Health To You All.

Sam Ambrosio
A wonderful luncheon was held in New Jersey this past week... sorry many Long Island retirees's did not show, but considering the weather that morning I could understand. Ted and Tony did a wonderful job in preparing the new location etc.
My son George, who works at the CBS construction Dept., had mentioned to me that George Joanitis passed away just recently and was buried this past Thursday. Have you received any information on this...I just looked at the web site and did not see any mention of this.

Hope all is well with you my good friend.

Best regards,
George Klimcsak
Forwarded by Tony Cucurullo

Saturday, October 19, 2002

Interesting stuff:
When did we start calling computers, computers?


OK, this takes several explanations.

First, mechanical calculators were also called computers way back in
the 19th century.

Next, the first programmable device invented by Charles Babbage was
called the analytical engine. The programmer was said to be Ada
Augusta, Countess of Lovelace, daughter of Lord Byron. [1842]

As far as the modern computer is concerned . . . the first time the
word computer appears in print is in 1945. The term ENIAC means
electronic numerical integrator and computer. The term was printed
in the following title . . . "Description of the ENIAC and comments
on electronic digital computing machines". J. Eckert et al. Note
that both computer and computing are in use as of 1945.

The term electronic brain does not appear until 1946.

The theoretical precursor to the modern computer was the Turing
machine described back in 1937. It was named after the mathematician
Alan Turing.
1945 - Grace Murray Hooper (Admiral USN) pulls a dead bug [moth]
from a broken computer relay on the Mark II computer at Harvard
University. She later glued the bug into a logbook of the computer
and this very first bug is still kept in the National Museum of
American History of the Smithsonian Institution. BTW, Continual
cleaning of the relays was referred to as "debugging" the computer.
Source in part: 20th Century Words J Ayto

Submitted by Ted Perzeszty

Friday, October 18, 2002

Upcoming Florida Retirees Luncheon

There will be a CBS Luncheon on Wednesday November 13th at 12 Noon in the Dining Room/Troon Room at Saint Andrews Country Club In Boca Raton.
The cost per person is $26.00 . Please send a check made payable to:
Stu Meyer and mail to 17183 White Haven Drive, Boca Raton Fl 33496.
Check to arrive no later than Nov 6. This will include valet parking, a sumptuous buffet and all gratuities and taxes. Iced or hot coffee, and tea, and soft drinks included also. No alcoholic beverages will be served. The rules of the country club prohibit us from taking money at the door or at the table. Your are asked not to tip the parking valet or waiters as this price is all inclusive.
As of this writing we have a head count of 40 and counting. Note: Drive to the Main Club House entrance and the valet will park your car. Ask for the main Dinning Room and the CBS Luncheon. Bring a large appetite.

Directions: I-95 North or South to Yamato Rd. West exit. Continue West to Jog Rd. Right turn at Jog Rd (North) to Clint Moore Rd. Left at Clint Moore (West) to entrance of St. Andrews Country Club (Claridge Oval overhead sign) on the right. Directions are available at the guard house to the main clubhouse.

Florida Turnpike: exit Delray Beach Atlantic Ave East, to Jog Rd. Right turn on Jog Rd. (south) To Clint Moore Rd. Right turn on Clint Moore (west) to St. Andrews Country Club entrance on right. (Claridge oval sign overhead). Directions to main clubhouse at guardhouse. Looking forward to seeing everyone and wishing you safe travel.

Lee Levy & Stu Meyer.

Tuesday, October 15, 2002

Update on Chico Claudio:
Chico's wife, Betty, brought Chico home from the nursing home on Saturday, Oct. 12th. His speech has improved somewhat but he is still confined to a wheelchair. No calls please. When he is ready to receive calls, I will post it at this site.

Ted Perzeszty

Wednesday, October 09, 2002


I am the Chief Engineer at an audio recording studio in the Los Angeles area, and I was wondering if any of your members might have the maintenance manual for a CBS Labs Volumax Limiter. One of my clients brought one in, seems to sort of work, but I'd like to be able to calibrate it and/or repair it intelligently. I do have a schematic that I can't really even read, and a manual and schematic for a 410 & 411 model, but there are enough differences that I still can't really do what I need to.

If any of your members can help, I would greatly appreciate it.

Thanks, and I love the concept of your site, keeping colleagues connected. What a wonderful idea.




Stephen Anderson
Technical Operations Larrabee Studios
East 3249 Cahuenga Blvd.
West Hollywood, CA 90068
323.851.1244 Studio
323.851.8604 Fax
818.521.1105 Cel
818.566.9087 Pager
Friends and colleagues...

One of the longest-serving employees of CBS News and the single longest-serving member of the CBS Evening News staff has passed away.
Len Raff died early this morning after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. He was 82 years old.
Len joined CBS in 1949. He was one of the first regular employees of the CBS Evening News... serving as a projectionist, then a film editor. He was here for Douglas Edwards, Walter Cronkite, and Dan Rather. A World War Two veteran who survived one ship's sinking off North Africa, and then saw action throughout the Pacific on the USS New Jersey, Len traveled extensively with the Evening News on major international stories, and spent much of his time here cutting many of the great award-winning
stories that made CBS News world famous throughout the 1960's, 70's and 80's.
Len made many friends during his 53 years at CBS and he will be greatly missed by all. Len leaves behind a daughter, Susan Raff, a grandson and a new granddaughter, in Middletown, Connecticut.

A memorial service will be held at 2:00 p.m. on Friday, October 11, 2002 at Riverside Memorial Funeral Home, 180 W. 76 Street, New York, NY. In lieu of flowers, the family requests that donations be made to the American Cancer Society.

Messages of condolence can be sent to:

Ms. Susan Raff & family
24 Snow Ridge South
Middletown, CT 06457

Submitted by Ned Steinberg

Tuesday, October 08, 2002


The Straight Scoop from Charlie Daniels

I've just returned from Guantanamo Bay, Cuba Naval Air Station base
Where we did three shows for the troops and toured several locations around the
post visiting with some of the finest military personnel on planet earth.
The kids seemed to really enjoy the shows and especially liked "This
Ain't No Rag, It's A Flag" and "In America". We had a great time with them. We
Saw Camp X-Ray, where the Taliban detainees are being held only from a
distance, but I picked up a lot of what's going on there from talking with a lot of different people.

The truth of the matter is that this operation is under a microscope.
The Red Cross has an on site presence there and watches everything that goes
On very closely. The media is not telling you the whole truth about what's
going on over there. The truth is that these scum bags are not only being
treated humanely, but they are probably better off health wise and
medically than they've ever been in their lives. They are fed well, able to take showers and receive state of the art medical care. And have their own Moslem chaplain. I saw several of them in a field hospital ward where they were
being treated in a state of the art medical facility.

Now let's talk about the way they treat our people. First of all, they
have to be watched constantly. These people are committed and wanton
murderers who are willing to die just to kill someone else. One of the
doctors told me that when they had Talibans in the hospital the staff had
to really be careful with needles, pens and anything else which could
possibly be used as a weapon. They also throw their excrement and urine on the
troops who are guarding them. And our guys and gals have shown great
restraint in not retaliating.

We are spending over a million dollars a day maintaining and guarding
these nasty killers and anyone who wants to see them brought to the
U.S.A. for trial is either out of their heads or a lawyer looking for money and
notoriety. Or both.

I wish that the media and the Red Cross and all the rest of the people
Who are so worried about these criminals would realize that this is not a
Troop of errant Boy Scouts. These are killers of the worst kind. They don't
Need protection from us, we need protection from them.

If you don't get anything else out of this soapbox, please try to
Realize that when you see news coverage much of the time you're not getting the
whole story, but an account filtered through a liberal mindset with an
agenda. We have two fights on our hands, the war against terror and the
one against the loudmouthed lawyers and left wing media who would sap the
strength from the American public by making us believe that we're losing
the war or doing something wrong in fighting it. Remember these are the same people who told us that Saddam Hussein's Republican guard was going to be an all but invincible enemy and that our smart bombs and other weapons were not
really as good as the military said that they were. They also took up for Bill
Clinton while he was cavorting around the Oval office with Monica
Lewinsky while the terrorists were gaining strength and bombing our Embassies and dragging the bodies of dead American heroes around the dusty streets of

It's a shame that we can't have an unbiased media who would just report
the truth and let us make up our own minds. Here I must commend Fox News
for presenting both sides much better than the other networks. They are
leaving the other cable networks in the dust. People like being told the truth.
Our military not only needs but deserves our support. Let's give it to them.

The next time you read a media account about the bad treatment of the
Taliban in Cuba, remember what I told you. Been there done that.

Footnote: I got an e-mail from a rather irate first cousin of mine the
other day who has a daughter who's a lawyer and she seemed to think that
I was painting all lawyers with the same brush. Please understand that I'm
Not doing that at all. That would be like saying that all musicians were
Drug addicts. There are a lot of good and honest attorneys out there. I happen
To have one of them. But it seems that they never get any airtime. It's
Always the radicals who get their opinions heard, who fight the idea of the
military tribunals and site The Constitution and the integrity of America
as their source of justifying their opinions.

Well, first of all The Constitution says "We the people of the United
States", it doesn't mention any other country. And secondly as far as
integrity is concerned, I don't think some of these folks would know
integrity if it bit them in the posterior.

What do you think? God Bless America (c) Charlie Daniels

Submitted by Ted Perzeszty

Saturday, October 05, 2002

Dear Ted and Tony and Dave:

My thanks to you for continuing to run the retirees' membership association. It's an important work in keeping alive the memories of so many wonderful men (and now women) who were so instrumental in making radio and television what they were and are.. Techniques which are so commonplace today were developed by engineers who literally had to start from scratch and figure out how to make something happen.

Those of us who were part of the early days of radio (I started in radio in '34, moved to TV after returning from the war in '46 and finally left CBS (for ABC for another 23 year career in '64) have so many grand memories.
Although I've been unable to attend the luncheons (I'm recovering from Gullian-Barre -which almost no one has heard of). I enjoy keeping up with the members through your bulletin. When it comes, I open it with mixed emotions:

On one hand I'm still able to connect faces with names and, in almost every case, to attach some particular, pleasant memory to that name.
On the other hand, I feel the loss of a friend when I see the names in the obit list. Faces still go with those names and I can still see the person on some show we worked on together or in some situation where he contributed his own expertise to the event or to my well being.

The memories are particularly strong when it comes to all those who were so helpful during the six years I left engineering to direct Ed Murrow's "Person to Person" program. Without them that show would not have been possible..
So. wishes for the continuance of the organization and a warm greeting for anyone who remembers me.

Please accept the check towards the web site cost. I'd appreciate your sending me the list of members' names and addresses mentioned in the bulletin.

Till next time,.
Bob Sammon


Submitted by Ted Perzeszty

Tuesday, October 01, 2002

I just spoke to Dwight Temple, who will be leaving the hospital in the morning. He sounds "chipper", and expects to make the NJ luncheon.
Those who would like, may reach him at home tomorrow late afternoon.

Ted, Tony, Dave, greetings and congrats on a terrific web site. A tremendous amount of information and very friendly to get around to the various departments. Also it printed out OK provided I chose the "print to fit" option for the print instruction.
Unable to make the October 16 meeting but I mailed in a $10 contribution for the web site. THANKS FOR ALL THE WORK.
Put me down for receiving the newsletter via the web site.

Sy Yusem
WTC facts:

A year after 9/11, a common theme in almost everything written or said about that day is how much things have changed in America since then. Usually the change has to do with how we act or think about things. But in New York City, the changes created new facts on the ground - and in the air, as well.

The Twin Towers were more than landmark office buildings and icons of capitalism. They also constituted one of the world's biggest lightning rods. Each was topped by a copper grid attached to the building's steel frameworks to harmlessly conduct lightning bolts to the ground. Scientists guess that about 35 serious strikes per year that might have hit elsewhere in lower Manhattan were instead absorbed by the Trade Center. In August, a man was killed by lightning on a rooftop in Greenwich Village. Indirectly, he may have been another victim of 9/11.


Submitted by Ted Perzeszty
Of interest:

We all use inkjet and laser printers now . . . . but what was the earliest electronic printer?


Samuel F. B. Morse: His first device, built in 1835, used a pencil
and paper tape to record electric signals transmitted by a "portrule"
metal bar device. By 1837-38, telegraph operators quickly learned
to send and receive solely from the sound of the clicks rather than
using paper tape.

Mr. S. S. Laws: In 1867, Mr. Laws invented the "gold indicator,"
which was then used by the Gold Exchange on Wall Street. The
Indicator was a device that displayed the price of gold by using
double-faced panels that flipped to the appropriate numbers. One
side of the panel faced out the window of the Gold Exchange and was
visible to New Street, and the other side of the panel was visible
to the traders inside the exchange. Laws was assisted by F.L. Pope,
who would later become an early partner of Thomas Edison.

Thomas Edison: Edison worked on a device called the Edison
Telegraph Printer. This device was designed to make it possible for
a lower-skilled person to run a telegraph apparatus because it
printed out a message in readable text. The Edison Telegraph Printer
dates to approximately 1867 when Edison was a young telegrapher
working in Boston. This type of technology would evolve into the
introduction of the first stock tickers.

E. A. Calahan: In 1867, Mr. E.A. Calahan of the American
Telegraph Company invented the first stock telegraph printing

Thomas Edison: Edison and two other competing inventors, Elisha
Gray and G.M. Phelps, also worked on a device similar to the stock
ticker. They called these machines Private Line Printers. These
devices had a keyboard to send a message, type wheels, and paper
tape to receive the message. 1870

Charles Krum: Charles Krum and his son developed a crude teletype
machine which they patented on 8/22/1903. It was called the typebar
page printer.

1915: Teletype offers speeds of 30 or 50 words per minute.

1939: Speed reaches 75 words per minute.

1944: Speed reaches 100 words per minute.

1957: Teleprinter introduces speeds of 300 words per minute.

In 1960, The New York Quotation Company introduced the last
mechanical ticker. This extremely fast machine was eventually
replaced by modern-day computers and electronic displays

BTW ASCII (the character code for printing and for monitors) appears
in 1958 - modified in 1963 - and ends up in its final form in 1967.

(How many of you remember the TWX machine before we had fax?)

Submitted by Ted Perzeszty
New Jersey luncheon Notice!

If you are coming to the luncheon, don't forget to mail in your checks. We have only 2 weeks left to October 16th. There are many couples coming, maybe you'd like to bring your spouse or friend. Don't forget Friday, October 11th is the deadline. I have to notify Radisson Hotel as to the count.
We may not have the opportunity to personally thank everyone who has contributed to the website/ mailing cost, so please accept our thanks for your generosity.

Message for Mike Singer - I could not make out the fourth character of your e-mail address. You can e-mail me at:
Tony Casola

Friday, September 27, 2002

Just received the following from Jay Chichon:

Hi Ted:

I wonder if you or anyone you know on the CBS email list have been
receiving emails with the Klez H virus attachment?
I myself and five others, that I know of on the CBS list, have
been receiving them on a daily basis for at least a month.
I think you know how the Klez H virus works....when anyone
opens the file that is attached, it infects the computer and goes
to the address book and takes an address at random and automatically
sends another virus email to that person using a FROM: address
also taken from the list. (Today I received a virus email with the
FROM: address "".
The majority of the virus emails received have all contained the
senders address of various CBS Retirees.

It would seem that one or more of the retirees computers have been
infected with the Klez H virus and perhaps is not aware of it.

I wonder if it would be a good idea to post this information on
the Web Site so that the group is aware of this problem and they can
scan their computers for this virus.....especially those that might
have the CBS Retirees email list in their computer address book?

Best regards....Jay Chichon

Submitted by Ted Perzeszty
I haven't written about some of the woman that traveled with their husbands on remotes, and the one that comes to mind readily is of course the, beautiful Marie Quaranta.
I don't know how that lady could travel and bear all those children that the Quaranta's have.
I believe they now have more than fifteen grandchildren.
We see Marie and Romeo, at most of the Luncheons.
They say women grown gracefully as they age, Marie, is just prettier. Romeo, just plain aged, sorry pal!

Tony Cucurullo

Submitted by Tony Cucurullo

Dwight Temple has suffered an attack of "heart fibrillation" (un-synchronized heartbeat) on Sept. 23rd and is in South Nassau Communities Hospital undergoing treatment by drug therapy. He is expected to be released today, Sept. 27th, if all goes well.

Submitted by Ted Perzeszty
Update on Chico Claudio:
After having a stroke, Chico has been in the hospital for 3 week undergoing rehab. He has now been transferred to a "sub-acute care" section of the nursing home facility at Long Beach Hospital. He is expected to come home in about 10 days.

Submitted by Ted Perzeszty

Tuesday, September 24, 2002

More history of interest to CBSers

Where was the first movie studio? What was it called?


Thomas Alva Edison built the Black Maria, (pronounced ma-rye-uh) a
tarpaper shack near his West Orange, New Jersey, labs. This became
the site of his moving-picture experiments and the world's first
movie studio. Edison is generally credited with inventing the movie
machine, called the Kinetoscope. Edison’s assistant, the inventor
William K. L. Dickson, did most of the actual work. The studio was
completed in February of 1893.

Mechanical contraptions that flipped drawings to give the
appearance of motion have been around since the 1820s. In the 1860s
they began using a sequence of still photographs in the mechanism
to create motion from real photos. When I was in grammar school,
the teacher put a record of Frosty the Snowman on a turntable that
had a prism mirror on the turntable spindle [Yes, we had records and,
with a windup phonograph no less, . . in the late 40s!]. As the
record rotated, the prism picked up images of Frosty from the label
and made his picture appear to dance when you stared at the prism
facets. We were dazzled!

Submitted by Ted Perzeszty
Betcha Ya Didn't Know

Captain Kangaroo interesting fact.....

This was an eye opener for me..... Interesting story.....
Some people have been a bit offended that Lee Marvin is buried in a grave alongside 3 and 4 star generals at Arlington National Cemetery.
His marker gives his name, rank (PVT) and service (USMC). Nothing else. Here's a guy who was only a famous movie star who served his time, why the heck does he rate burial with these guys?
Well, following is the amazing answer:
I always liked Lee Marvin, but did not know the extent of his Corps experiences. In a time when many Hollywood stars served their country in the armed forces,
often in rear-echelon posts where they were carefully protected, only to be trotted out to perform for the cameras in war bond promotions, Lee Marvin was a genuine hero.
He won the Navy Cross at Iwo Jima. There is only one higher Naval award... the Medal Of Honor. If that is a surprising comment on the true character of the man, he credits his sergeant with an even greater show of bravery.

Dialog From The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson:
His guest was Lee Marvin. Johnny said, "Lee, I'll bet a lot of people are unaware that you were a Marine in the initial landing at Iwo Jima... and that during the course of that
action you earned the Navy Cross and were severely wounded." "Yeah, yeah... I got shot square in the ass and they gave me the Cross for securing a hot spot about halfway up Suribachi... bad thing about getting shot up on a mountain is guys gettin' shot hauling you down. But Johnny, at Iwo I served under the bravest man I ever knew... We both got the Cross the same day, but what he did for his Cross made mine look cheap in comparison. The dumb bastard actually stood up on Red beach and
directed his troops to move forward and get the hell off the beach. That Sergeant and I have been lifelong friends. When they brought me off Suribachi we passed the
Sergeant and he lit a smoke and passed it to me lying on my belly on the litter and said, 'Where'd they get you Lee?'
Well Bob... if you make it home before me, tell Mom to sell the outhouse! Johnny, I'm not lying... Sergeant Keeshan was the bravest man I ever knew.

Bob Keeshan... You and the world know him as Captain Kangaroo."

Submitted by Lee Levy

Sunday, September 22, 2002

I thought the following article would be of interest to most CBSers

What was the first high fidelity recording?


One might guess it was the invention of the 33 and 1/3 LP record by
Peter Goldmark at CBS Labs in the late 40s. That was certainly a big
leap forward in audio recording. It was also about the time that the
word hi-fi replaced the name record player or Victrola.

But that is not it. The player piano has to take that title. The
player piano had a roll of paper punched with holes that recorded the
key stokes on a piano. Compressed air was blown through the holes as
the paper scrolled by and a mechanism played the piano in the same
way that the holes were punched by the original artist. The system
became so sophisticated that extra tracks of holes were placed along
the edge of the scroll to provide such nuances as tempo and the
positions of the foot pedals. Since the piano was actually used to
recreate the original music from the piano roll (software!), it was
truly hi-fi!

The player piano (Pianola) was invented in 1896 and originally had
mechanical fingers to play the keys.

Other inventions in recording included the tape recorder, which
appeared in the USA right after the war. Captured German machines
were brought back in 1946 and they used metalized paper and plastic
tape. Bing Crosby helped fund the further development of the tape
recorder, which laid the foundation for the Ampex Company. Bing
wanted to be able to make recordings away from the record studios so
he could easily pursue his pastime of golf.

The Germans made tape recordings of propaganda radio broadcasts so
that they would sound "live". BTW The German engineers had a jump on
a source of plastic tape. The Germans produced a cigarette with a
fake tip on it made out of metalized plastic film. The tip looked
like our modern filter but it was only intended to give the
impression of being a cigarette holder. This happened around 1932
by the company we know as BASF.

There were some earlier U.S. & German recorders that used tungsten
wire, but they were not as good as tape.


Submitted by Ted Perzeszty

Thursday, September 19, 2002

Richard O`Brian is in error about the Ed Sullivan theatre not having Marconi cameras. I did video for a time on that show and also "I've got a Secret" and "What`s My Line." All in the same studio with Marconi cameras. It was a four tube camera, each channel independent from the other, meaning gain, pedestal, gamma all separate. That`s how we got the pastel look of color .We kept the B &W ped at it`s normal level and raised the color peds by ten percent, thereby thinning out the color.To me, I think it was the finest camera .It didn't need image enhancing. It looked like 35MM film. If you don`t believe me, watch the Sullivan reruns on cable. It had one drawback. Every year a man came from England to replace the filters on the color tubes. It always took a long time. Also, for the video buffs.. .the controls were micrometer settings which allowed us to balance the camera without using the encoder.

Cal Marotta
(Forwarded by Tony Cucurullo)

Monday, September 16, 2002

A letter to Irv Rosenberg;

I like to thank you for your generous contribution to the CBS web site. I would prefer using e-mail, but I don't have your e-mail address.


Tony Casola
Sad News -- received a letter from Al Fabricatore that our well known and popular electrician Ricky Riccardi passed away January 25, 2002. Central maintenance and other departments has always liked and welcomed him, he was a true friend.

Tony Casola

Friday, September 13, 2002

CBS Retirees Buffet Luncheon - Wednesday November 13th at 12 Noon
Saint Andrews Country Club in Boca Raton, Florida

Stu Meyer, a resident, has offered the use of the facility for our retiree luncheon. Cost will be between $15.00 - $20.00 per head depending on head count. Cash only, + (Drinks are extra) for a Sumptuous Buffet. Spouses are welcome. We would appreciate a response so we can give the facility a head count and have them set us up in a specific area. If you have contact with CBS friends, call them and spread the word. Please respond, on line to Lee ( or Call: 561-712-9523 before October 30th or earlier if you are interested in attending. Hoping to hear from you soon and see you all on November 13th at 12 Noon.

Directions: I-95 North or South to Yamato Rd. West exit. Continue West to Jog Rd. Right turn at Jog Rd (North) to Clint Moore Rd. Left at Clint Moore (West) to entrance of St. Andrews Country Club (Claridge Oval overhead sign) on the right. Directions are available at the guardhouse to the main clubhouse.

Florida Turnpike: exit Delray Beach Atlantic Ave. east, to Jog Rd. Right turn on Jog Rd. (south) To Clint Moore Rd. Right turn on Clint Moore (west) to St. Andrews Country Club entrance on right. (Claridge oval sign overhead). Get directions to the main clubhouse at the guardhouse.

Wishing you all good health.
Lee Levy & Stu Meyer

Received a phone call from Gladys Stevens, notifying me that her husband
DAN STEVENS passed away August, 2002. He worked in the video tape area.

Tony Casola
The last I heard, Jerry Jaick resides at Cape Coral Florida, and works for the PGA Golf tour under Bob Brown.

Cal Marotta
Received from Les Burkhardt:

Carl Paulson, my husband, has been in the Montgomery Nursing Home since the middle of March. He has his ups and downs, but at age 93, It is not easy. The home is only 7 miles from me, so that is great. He misses all of you.

Emily Paulson

Thursday, September 12, 2002

I forgot to mention that the mini-lunch that takes place next week, Wednesday, September 18, at the East Bay Diner is at 12 noon.
Tony Casola

This article is from

While you may have seen this already, I thought it was right to share it. I thought this is a perfect sentiment for the day.
Submitted by Ted Perzesty.

Noah and 9/11

September 11, 2002

Over the past year several friends have remarked to me how
much they still feel a pit in their stomachs from 9/11. One
even said she felt as if this was the beginning of the end
of the world. And no wonder. Those suicide hijackings were
such an evil act that they shattered your faith in human
beings and in the wall of civilization that was supposed to
constrain the worst in human behavior. There is now a big
jagged hole in that wall.

What to do? For guidance, I turned to one of my mentors,
Rabbi Tzvi Marx, who teaches in the Netherlands. He offered
me a biblical analogy. "To some extent," said Tzvi, "we
feel after 9/11 like we have experienced the flood of Noah
- as if a flood has inundated our civilization and we are
the survivors. What do we do the morning after?"

The story of Noah has a lot to offer. "What was the first
thing Noah did when the flood waters receded and he got off
the ark?" asked Tzvi. "He planted a vine, made wine and got
drunk." Noah's first response to the flood's devastation of
humanity, and the challenge he now faced, was to numb
himself to the world.

"But what was God's reaction to the flood?" asked Tzvi.
"Just the opposite. God's reaction was to offer Noah a more
detailed set of rules for mankind to live by - rules which
we now call the Noahite laws. His first rule was that life
is precious, so man should not murder man." (These Noahite
laws were later expanded to include prohibitions against
idolatry, adultery, blasphemy and theft.)

It's interesting - you would have thought that after wiping
out humanity with a devastating flood, God's first
post-flood act wouldn't have been to teach that all life is
precious. But it was. Said Tzvi: "It is as though God said,
`Now I understand what I'm up against with these humans. I
need to set for them some very clear boundaries of
behavior, with some very clear values and norms, that they
can internalize.' "

And that is where the analogy with today begins. After the
deluge of 9/11 we have two choices: We can numb ourselves
to the world, and plug our ears, or we can try to repair
that jagged hole in the wall of civilization by insisting,
more firmly and loudly than ever, on rules and norms - both
for ourselves and for others.

"God, after the flood, refused to let Noah and his
offspring indulge themselves in escapism," said Tzvi, "but
he also refused to give them license to live without moral
boundaries, just because humankind up to that point had

The same applies to us. Yes, we must kill the murderers of
9/11, but without becoming murderers and without simply
indulging ourselves. We must defend ourselves - without
throwing out civil liberties at home, without barring every
Muslim student from this country, without forgetting what a
huge shadow a powerful America casts over the world and how
it can leave people feeling powerless, and without telling
the world we're going to do whatever we want because there
has been a flood and now all bets are off.

Because imposing norms and rules on ourselves gives us the
credibility to demand them from others. It gives us the
credibility to demand the rule of law, religious tolerance,
consensual government, self-criticism, pluralism, women's
rights and respect for the notion that my grievance,
however deep, does not entitle me to do anything to anyone

It gives us the credibility to say to the Muslim world:
Where have you been since 9/11? Where are your voices of
reason? You humbly open all your prayers in the name of a
God of mercy and compassion. But when members of your
faith, acting in the name of Islam, murdered Americans or
committed suicide against "infidels," your press extolled
them as martyrs and your spiritual leaders were largely
silent. Other than a few ritual condemnations, they offered
no outcry in their mosques; they drew no new moral red
lines in their schools. That's a problem, because if there
isn't a struggle within Islam - over norms and values -
there is going to be a struggle between Islam and us.

In short, numbing ourselves to the post-9/11 realities will
not work. Military operations, while necessary, are not
sufficient. Building higher walls may feel comforting, but
in today's interconnected world they're an illusion. Our
only hope is that people will be restrained by internal
walls - norms and values. Visibly imposing them on
ourselves, and loudly demanding them from others, is the
only viable survival strategy for our shrinking planet.

Otherwise, start building an ark.

Copyright 2002 The New York Times Company